Look at that fabulous frosty view posted on Keld Public Hall’s facebook page this morning. If you are up that way the Keld Public Hall is offering a winter self-service tea and coffee facility (and locally made cakes too). We were so impressed when we visited last week and all to raise money to improve the facilities. The Every Barn project will be making full use of the hall later in the year for a project celebration – watch this space!
This large, late eighteenth century cowhouse is one of the first ones you will see on your way down into Swaledale from the famous Buttertubs Pass. Its prominent position above the dale is perhaps the reason why we have collected several stories about it from people who once used it. It stands in Banty Field which has now gone back to rushes but was once a fine haymeadow. Dorothy Brown remembers all too well one long hot day having to work there:
“The story about Banty that always sticks in my mind, the cow’uss, in haymaking time. It didn’t matter what you were doing or how ill you felt, at that point, one day I was feeling really grotty…..and my father said, ‘right, we have to get this hay in, it’s going to rain’, and we went into the cowhouse, there’d be one of my uncles and me sister and I, and we had to tramp the hay down right to the rafters and it was hot, it was dusty. You didn’t wear trousers, you had cotton skirts so the hay prickled your legs, it was horrible. I would say it was one of the most awful experiences of me life really, uncomfortable, and just hard, because you couldn’t breath either and you had to cram as much hay in as you could, to the rafters, so then when you’d got right to the last little bit and you’d got it then you could crawl out of the forking hole window and they’d help you down to the bottom….”
Dorothy Brown (nee Clarkson) formerly of Scarr House Farm
We’ve already learned lots about the sorts of things people are interested in when they visit Muker – the barns and walls are of course top of the list. But what’s the thing that puzzles people the most? Well, apparently, everyone wants to know what those lines of sticking-out stones are for that you see on all the barns (and some field walls). They are known as ‘throughs’ or ‘truffs’ in the Swardle dialect. They are long stones that, as their name suggests, run right through the wall thus providing strength. However, we’ve heard one or two other stories….
“… these buildings were well made like, lot of these cow byres, they were all well made. …I tell you, I was once on wi’ a fella and he came and said, “What’s all them ‘throughs’ sticking out there, those truffs?” I said, “they’re for birds to shelter under on a windy day” [lots of laughter]. He said, “I’m not blimmin believing that!”
Sidney Reynoldson (82) of Thwaite
As part of the Every Barn… project we hope to produce some bespoke interpretation for local visitor businesses. We’ve begun the process by dropping by some of these businesses to see what their customers want and how we might be able to help. We have already been really impressed by the visitor ‘offer’ available in Muker Parish and how enthusiastic business owners are about our project. Featured is the Farmers Arms in Muker who had the rather brilliant idea of table games disguised as beer mats. We’re sure we can come up with something along these lines that tell people some cow’uss stories in a fun way.
We are pleased to see this full page spread and cover photo about the project in The Visitor 2017. Thousands of people pick up a copy of our free magazine every year and it’s a great way to get the message out about what we are all working on. Featured are some wonderful quotes from project participants like this memory from one older lady:
“And we had a well in the back yard. Just opposite the cow’us. And I remember, in ’63, we had so much snow …I remember that all four of us…brother, mum and dad. And we had to dig a tunnel for the cows to walk through to the well…and that was just behind the house so that was pretty sheltered really”
Field barns on Kisdon
Gaby (YDNPA Building Conservation Officer) talks to Pete Roe – Swaledale based craft mason about conservation works to the Banty Field Barn
Barns near Thwaite
Barns near Angram
Black Scar Bothy – a washfold with small shepherd’s bothy
A rapid trip through Muker yesterday gave the opportunity to take some photo’s of the barns and walls landscape..
Photo’s by Miles Johnson and Rebecca Cadbury-Simmons (YDNPA) – using cameras generously provided to the project via the HLF.
We are delighted with the two page article about the project that is appearing in this year’s copy of The Visitor newspaper – essential reading for anyone coming to the Yorkshire Dales on holiday or for a day out. Find the article on pages 54 & 55 of The Visitor 2017
As well as recording the memories of local people who owned and used the cow’usses around Muker, we have also been asking for copies of family photographs to help illustrate their stories. This lovely example belongs to Chris & Raymond Calvert of Keld and shows Kit & Mary Calvert of Hoggarths, Keld having their hay time tea with their family in the shelter of Purse Cow’uss.
Over the winter we have been collecting memories from local people about the cow’usses they remember using when they were younger. Our Interpretation Officer, Karen Griffiths is now ready to start sharing these stories. Her first project is to produce a postcard for visitor businesses to hand out when they get asked what the little houses in the fields are for – this happens a lot apparently. She’s been testing out some layouts in the office today – there’s still a use for good old glue and scissors…
Part of the project, ‘Every Barn Tells a Story’ is to record the field barns (or Cow’uses) within Muker Parish. Many field barns will be recorded through visits by volunteers who we plan to train during the Spring of 2016. One part of the Heritage Lottery Funding that the Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority (YDNPA) was awarded for this project was allocated to buy software that allows the creation 3D digital models of the barns from photographs. On Friday, YDNPA’s Senior Historic Environment Officer, Miles Johnson, led a workshop on this software at Keld Resource Centre for some of our volunteers who live in the area.
The process of creating a 3D digital model is called digital photogrammetry, and involves taking a number of photographs of a building, and then processing them with a program called Agisoft Photoscan, which creates the digital model. The morning started with a presentation on what photogrammetry was, how it worked, and how we could use it, both for EBTAS and for other community heritage projects. This was followed by the volunteers, supervised by some of YDNPA’s staff, visiting a nearby field barn (with the landowners permission) and taking photographs.
Finally, everyone put their photographs into the software and had a look at how their models turned out. One out of the three submitted sets of photographs did not process properly and the software did not fully recognise the shape of the barn. Neverthelesss, the other two attempts produced accurate models, that with a little editing will create a good model. Due to time constraints, the models were not processed at high resolution, and are presented here unedited. Some of the images show areas where the software has been unable to differentiate between the barn and the sky – this can with a little time be edited out afterwards. Screenshots of one of the models can be seen here, notice how much detail has been recorded. The models can provide a very accurate record of a building that is suitable for further analysis, and with a little further work we will be sharing them as interactive models online.
If you have any questions about the project, please do not hesitate to get in touch using the form below.